Nightfall Weekly InfoSec Roundup: July 9 to July 15

Michael Osakwe
July 6, 2019
Nightfall Weekly InfoSec Roundup: July 9 to July 15Nightfall Weekly InfoSec Roundup: July 9 to July 15
Michael Osakwe
July 6, 2019
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Cyber Attacks & Breaches

  • Arlington Investigating Cyber Attack on County Payroll System
    (ArlNow) July 10th
    Arlington County has revealed a cyberattack that penetrated the county’s payroll system. In a statement, the county says a number of employees were impacted by the intrusion, but did not specify the exact number of impacts. The intrusion appears to be the result of a “phishing” email targeting county employees and not a hack, the press release suggests.
  • Data Breach Exposes Information Of 14,600 LA County Department Of Health Services Patients
    (KCAL 9) July 10th
    A phishing attack on a contractor to the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services exposed the personal information of nearly 14,600 patients. The phishing attack happened at the end of March, giving a hacker access to the Nemadji employee’s account for several hours. Officials say there’s no indication that any patient data has been misused, but records from several Nemadji clients – including names, addresses, phone numbers, and patient information – were exposed. The Social Security numbers of two patients were also identified.
  • More than 1,000 Essential Health Patients Impacted by Nemadji Research Corporation Breach
    (HIPAA Journal) July 10
    Essentia Health, in addition to the LA County Department of Health Services, is sending notifications to more than 1,000 patients alerting them to the exposure of some of their protected health information (PHI). Like many healthcare providers, Essentia Health works with a third-party vendor that provides billing services to help recover lost revenue. Those services were provided by a Bruno, MN-based billing services firm called Nemadji Research Corporation.
  • KRP: At least 1,000 devices compromised in data breach in Lahti
    (News from Finland Helsinki Times) July 10th
    The National Bureau of Investigation (KRP) has made progress investigating a suspected data breach at the City of Lahti. KRP revealed that its pre-trial investigation shows that the unauthorized access detected in the city’s data systems earlier this summer was an organized attack rather than an error by an individual user.
  • New Magecart attacks leverage misconfigured S3 buckets to infect over 17K sites
    (ZDNet) July 11th
    RiskIQ reported that Magecart hackers have managed to compromise and plant malicious code on over 17,000 domains over the last few months, since April. To achieve such a monumental task, RiskIQ said hackers scanned for misconfigured AWS S3 storage servers, where they added malicious code to JavaScript files used on live websites.
  • Monroe College Hit with Ransomware Attack
    (Dark Reading) July 11th
    Monroe College, based in the Bronx, New York, has been hit by a ransomware attack demanding $2 million in Bitcoin to release its encrypted data. According to police sources, the attack has had an impact on Monroes College campuses and facilities in Manhattan, New Rochelle, NY, and Florida. The attack was reported to the police on June 10.
  • Cyber virus at Strafford County becomes criminal probe
    (New Hampshire Union Leader) July 13th
    A virus that infected Strafford County computers last month has turned into a criminal investigation and moved a U.S. senator to demand more answers. Officials with the county sheriff’s office confirmed the U.S. Secret Service is assisting in a criminal probe into the June 28 virus that forced the county’s information technology team to shut down its network. County Administrator Ray Bower has said the county is about 95% recovered from this virus. Unlike ransomware, there were no demands for cash.
  • Japanese Exchange Bitpoint Hit By $32m Cyber-Attack
    (infosecurity Group) July 15th
    Japan-based cryptocurrency exchange Bitpoint has become the latest to lose tens of millions of dollars in a cyber-attack. The firm said it was forced on Friday to stop all services — including withdrawals, deposits, payments, and new account openings — while it investigated the incident. It has also notified the relevant authorities in Japan. Hackers managed to steal funds not only from the firm’s hot wallets, but also its offline cold wallets. After first detecting an error in Ripple remittances, Bitpoint said it realized it had been the victim of a cyber-attack.
  • 13,000 Patients of Maine Provider Among AMCA Data Breach Victims
    (Health IT Security) July 15th
    Penobscot Community Health Center in Maine recently began notifying about 13,000 patients that their data was potentially compromised in an eight-month long hack on its billing services vendor, American Medical Collection Agency. So far, up to 12 million Quest Diagnostics patients, 7.7 million LabCorp patients, and 422,000 BioReference patients were all included in the breach victim tally.

Vulnerabilities & Exploits

  • Flaws in hospital anesthesia and respiratory devices allow remote tampering
    (TechCrunch) July 9th
    Security researchers have found a vulnerability in a networking protocol used in popular hospital anesthesia and respiratory machines, which they say if exploited could be used to maliciously tamper with the devices. Researchers at healthcare security firm Cyber MDX said that the protocol used in the GE Aestiva and GE Aespire devices can be used to send commands if they are connected to a terminal server on the hospital network. Homeland Security released an advisory on Tuesday, saying the flaws required “low skill level” to exploit.
  • Logitech wireless USB dongles vulnerable to new hijacking flaws
    (ZDNet) July 9th
    A security researcher has publicly disclosed new vulnerabilities in the USB dongles (receivers) used by Logitech wireless keyboards, mice, and presentation clickers. The vulnerabilities allow attackers to sniff on keyboard traffic, but also inject keystrokes (even into dongles not connected to a wireless keyboard) and take over the computer to which a dongle has been connected.
  • Patch Tuesday Lowdown, July 2019 Edition
    (Krebs on Security) July 9th
    Microsoft today released software updates to plug almost 80 security holes in its Windows operating systems and related software. Among them are fixes for two zero-day flaws that are actively being exploited in the wild, and patches to quash four other bugs that were publicly detailed prior to today, potentially giving attackers a head start in working out how to use them for nefarious purposes.
  • Malvertising Campaign Redirects to RIG Exploit Kit, ERIS Ransomware
    (Security Boulevard) July 10th
    Security researcher nao_sec discovered a malvertising campaign that was abusing the popcash ad network to redirect users to a landing page for the RIG exploit kit. The researcher told Bleeping Computer that this threat scanned the user’s computer for signs of a specific Shockwave (SWF) vulnerability. If that weakness was unpatched on the user’s computer, the RIG exploit kit ran its exploit code in order to download ERIS.
  • Researchers Disclose Vulnerability in Siemens’ ICS Software
    (Bank InfoSecurity) July 10th
    Security researchers have uncovered a new vulnerability in a Siemens software platform that helps maintain industrial control systems for large critical infrastructure facilities, such as nuclear power plants. If exploited, an attacker could gain access to these systems for espionage or cause widespread physical damage.
  • Apple temporarily turns off Walkie Talkie to fix eavesdropping bug
    (iMore) July 11th
    Apple has turned off Walkie Talkie, a watchOS 5 feature that allowed two users to push-to-talk to each other using the FaceTime Audio protocol in a walkie-talkie-style fashion. The action is temporary and was taken to allow Apple time to fix a security vulnerability that could have let an attacker eavesdrop on the iPhone paired to the Apple Watch, though there’s been no evidence to suggest the exploit had yet been used in the wild.
  • Atlassian issues critical alert for Jira Server
    (SC Magazine) July 12th
    The vulnerability, CVE-2019-11581, affects Jira Software, Jira Core, and Jira Service Desk, however, Jira Cloud customers are not affected. The server-side template injection vulnerability was introduced in version 4.4.0 of Jira Server and Data Center. The company said for the issue to be exploited either an SMTP server has been configured in Jira and the Contact Administrators Form be enabled, or an SMTP server has been configured in Jira and an attacker has “JIRA Administrators” access.
  • This Flaw Could Have Allowed Hackers to Hack Any Instagram Account Within 10 Minutes
    (The Hacker News) July 15th
    Some vulnerabilities have recently been patched, some are still under the process of being fixed, and many others most likely do exist, but haven’t been found just yet. Details of one such critical vulnerability in Instagram surfaced on the Internet that could have allowed a remote attacker to reset the password for any Instagram account and take complete control over it. Discovered and responsibly reported by Indian bug bounty hunter Laxman Muthiyah, the vulnerability resided in the password recovery mechanism implemented by the mobile version of Instagram.

Risks & Warnings

  • A New Ransomware Is Targeting Network Attached Storage (NAS) Devices
    (The Hacker News) July 10th
    A new ransomware family has been found targeting Linux-based Network Attached Storage (NAS) devices made by Taiwan-based QNAP Systems and holding users’ important data hostage until a ransom is paid, researchers told The Hacker News.
  • Powerful FinSpy Spyware Found Targeting iOS and Android Users in Myanmar
    (The Hacker News) July 10th
    One of the most powerful, infamous, and advanced piece of government-grade commercial surveillance spyware dubbed FinSpy—also known as FinFisher—has been discovered in the wild targeting users in Myanmar. The FinSpy implant is capable of stealing an extensive amount of personal information from targeted mobile devices, such as SMS/MMS messages, phone call recordings, emails, contacts, pictures, files, and GPS location data.
  • New Malware Replaced Legit Android Apps With Fake Ones On 25 Million Devices
    (The Hacker News) July 11th
    Cybersecurity researchers revealed eye-opening details about a widespread Android malware campaign wherein attackers silently replaced installed legitimate apps with their malicious versions on nearly 25 million mobile phones. Dubbed Agent Smith, the malware takes advantage of multiple Android vulnerabilities, such as the Janus flaw and the Man-in-the-Disk flaw, and injects malicious code into the APK files of targeted apps installed on a compromised device and then automatically re-install/updates them without the victims’ knowledge or interaction.

Join us next week for the next edition of Nightfall’s Weekly InfoSec Roundup!

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